What does it all stand for? Breaking down LGBTQ+ and other terms around gender and sexuality

L=LESBIAN: A woman who is sexually and/or romantically attracted only to other women.

G=GAY: A person who is sexually and/or romantically attracted only to people of the same sex. It’s often used to refer to men who are attracted to other men.

B=BISEXUAL: A person who is sexually and/or romantically attracted to more than one gender. This could mean could include cisgender men or women, nonbinary people, transgender people, or any gender identification.

T=TRANSGENDER: A person whose sense of personal gender identity does not align with the sex they were assigned at birth (see Assigned Sex). For example, they may have been born with a penis and have ‘male’ on their birth certificate, but identify as a woman.

Q=QUEER: Queer is an umbrella term for anyone who identifies as being LGBTQ+ as well as a term for the community as a whole. ‘Queer’ can mean different things for different people, but it generally can refer to anyone who is not both cisgender and heterosexual.

I=INTERSEX: A term used for a person is born with reproductive anatomy, hormones or chromosomes not typically expected of ‘female’ or ‘male’. This can be called ‘ambiguous’ genitalia.

A=ASEXUAL: A person who experiences little to no sexual attraction. Asexual people still may experience romantic attraction, non-sexual physical attraction and other forms of attraction.

PANSEXUAL: A person who is romantically and/or sexually attracted to people of all gender identities.

GENDER IDENTITY: An individual’s sense of their gender, so whether they feel themselves to be male, female, or something else. This is not the same as having a penis or a vulva.

ASSIGNED SEX/BIOLOGICAL SEX: Usually given at birth, this is the sex given to someone based on whether they have a penis and testicles (male) or a vulva (female). Intersex people (see Intersex) might not fit into either category. Importantly, a person’s sexual anatomy does not determine their gender identity.

GENDER NONCONFORMING, OR G.N.C.: A person who expresses gender outside traditional ideas of what is ‘masculine’ or ‘feminine’. It can also mean someone who considers their gender identity to be outside the strict female/male binary. Sometimes these people might also identify with being transgender, but not always. Other terms people might use include genderqueer, gender fluid, and gender neutral. G.N.C. people might use they/them pronouns.

NONBINARY: A person who identifies as neither male nor female, or who identifies as both, and who sees themselves outside the gender binary. Nonbinary people might also identify as transgender, but not always, and might use they/them pronouns.

AMAB/AFAB= ASSIGNED MALE AT BIRTH/ASSIGNED FEMALE AT BIRTH: A person who is assigned as either ‘female’ or ‘male’ when they were born, depending on their biological sex. These terms can be used by transgender or nonbinary people to talk about how their gender identity differs from what sex they were given at birth.

RESOURCES:

https://outrightinternational.org/content/acronyms-explained

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/21/style/lgbtq-gender-language.html

https://www.latrobe.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0011/1173449/Research-Matters-What-does-LGBTIQ-mean.pdf

https://au.reachout.com/articles/lgbtqi-support-services

https://humanrights.gov.au/our-work/education/face-facts-lesbian-gay-bisexual-trans-and-intersex-people